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Rabbit Anti-Cytokeratin 1 antibody (bs-1244R)
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產品編號 bs-1244R
英文名稱 Cytokeratin 1
中文名稱 細胞角蛋白1抗體
別    名 Cytokeratin-1; 67 kDa cytokeratin; CK 1; CK1; Cytokeratin1; EHK1; Hair alpha protein; K 1; K1; Keratin 1; Keratin type II cytoskeletal 1; Keratin1; KRT 1; KRT1A; K2C1_HUMAN; Keratin, type II cytoskeletal 1; Cytokeratin-1; CK-1; Keratin-1; Type-II keratin Kb1.  
研究領域 腫瘤  信號轉導  干細胞  激酶和磷酸酶  
抗體來源 Rabbit
克隆類型 Polyclonal
交叉反應 Human, Mouse, Rat, Dog, Cow, Horse, Rabbit, 
產品應用 ELISA=1:500-1000 IHC-P=1:100-500 IHC-F=1:100-500 Flow-Cyt=1μg/Test IF=1:100-500 (石蠟切片需做抗原修復)
not yet tested in other applications.
optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
分 子 量 70kDa
細胞定位 細胞漿 細胞膜 
性    狀 Lyophilized or Liquid
濃    度 1mg/ml
免 疫 原 KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human Cytokeratin 1:301-400/644 
亞    型 IgG
純化方法 affinity purified by Protein A
儲 存 液 0.01M TBS(pH7.4) with 1% BSA, 0.03% Proclin300 and 50% Glycerol.
保存條件 Store at -20 °C for one year. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. The lyophilized antibody is stable at room temperature for at least one month and for greater than a year when kept at -20°C. When reconstituted in sterile pH 7.4 0.01M PBS or diluent of antibody the antibody is stable for at least two weeks at 2-4 °C.
PubMed PubMed
產品介紹 The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the keratin gene family. The type II cytokeratins consist of basic or neutral proteins which are arranged in pairs of heterotypic keratin chains coexpressed during differentiation of simple and stratified epithelial tissues. This type II cytokeratin is specifically expressed in the spinous and granular layers of the epidermis with family member KRT10 and mutations in these genes have been associated with bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma. The type II cytokeratins are clustered in a region of chromosome 12q12-q13. [provided by RefSeq].

Function:
May regulate the activity of kinases such as PKC and SRC via binding to integrin beta-1 (ITB1) and the receptor of activated protein kinase C (RACK1/GNB2L1). In complex with C1QBP is a high affinty receptor for kininogen-1/HMWK.

Subunit:
Heterotetramer of two type I and two type II keratins. Keratin-1 is generally associated with keratin-10. Interacts with ITGB1 in the presence of GNB2L1 and SRC, and with GNB2L1. Interacts with C1QBP; the association represents a cell surface kininogen receptor.

Subcellular Location:
Cell membrane. Note=Located on plasma membrane of neuroblastoma NMB7 cells.

Tissue Specificity:
The source of this protein is neonatal foreskin. The 67-kDa type II keratins are expressed in terminally differentiating epidermis.

Post-translational modifications:
Undergoes deimination of some arginine residues (citrullination).

DISEASE:
Defects in KRT1 are a cause of epidermolytic hyperkeratosis (EHK) [MIM:113800]. An autosomal dominant skin disorder characterized by widespread blistering and an ichthyotic erythroderma at birth that persist into adulthood. Histologically there is a diffuse epidermolytic degeneration in the lower spinous layer of the epidermis. Within a few weeks from birth, erythroderma and blister formation diminish and hyperkeratoses develop.
Defects in KRT1 are the cause of ichthyosis hystrix Curth-Macklin type (IHCM) [MIM:146590]. IHCM is a genodermatosis with severe verrucous hyperkeratosis. Affected individuals manifest congenital verrucous black scale on the scalp, neck, and limbs with truncal erythema, palmoplantar keratoderma and keratoses on the lips, ears, nipples and buttocks.
Defects in KRT1 are a cause of palmoplantar keratoderma non-epidermolytic (NEPPK) [MIM:600962]. NEPKK is a dermatological disorder characterized by focal palmoplantar keratoderma with oral, genital, and follicular lesions.
Defects in KRT1 are a cause of ichthyosis annular epidermolytic (AEI) [MIM:607602]; also known as cyclic ichthyosis with epidermolytic hyperkeratosis. AEI is a skin disorder resembling bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma. Affected individuals present with bullous ichthyosis in early childhood and hyperkeratotic lichenified plaques in the flexural areas and extensor surfaces at later ages. The feature that distinguishes AEI from BCIE is dramatic episodes of flares of annular polycyclic plaques with scale, which coalesce to involve most of the body surface and can persist for several weeks or even months.
Defects in KRT1 are the cause of palmoplantar keratoderma striate type 3 (SPPK3) [MIM:607654]; also known as keratosis palmoplantaris striata III. SPPK3 is a dermatological disorder affecting palm and sole skin where stratum corneum and epidermal layers are thickened. There is no involvement of non-palmoplantar skin, and both hair and nails are normal.

Similarity:
Belongs to the intermediate filament family.

SWISS:
P04264

Gene ID:
3848

Database links:

Entrez Gene: 3848 Human

Entrez Gene: 16678 Mouse

Entrez Gene: 300250 Rat

Omim: 139350 Human

SwissProt: P04264 Human

SwissProt: P04104 Mouse

SwissProt: Q6IMF3 Rat

Unigene: 80828 Human

Unigene: 183137 Mouse

Unigene: 31789 Rat



Important Note:
This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications.

結構蛋白(Structural Proteins)
細胞角蛋白常用于腫瘤細胞的分化、增殖及轉移方面的研究。有學者認為:在腫瘤細胞分化過程中有細胞角蛋白的表達,把細胞角蛋白作為腫瘤干細胞的標志物。陽性部位:主要在胞漿。CK119, CK8, CK19同源.
產品圖片
Tissue/cell: mouse embryos tissue; 4% Paraformaldehyde-fixed and paraffin-embedded;
Antigen retrieval: citrate buffer ( 0.01M, pH 6.0 ), Boiling bathing for 15min; Block endogenous peroxidase by 3% Hydrogen peroxide for 30min; Blocking buffer (normal goat serum,C-0005) at 37℃ for 20 min;
Incubation: Anti-Cytokeratin 1 Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated(bs-1244R) 1:200, overnight at 4°C, followed by conjugation to the secondary antibody(SP-0023) and DAB(C-0010) staining
Tissue/cell: mouse embryo tissue; 4% Paraformaldehyde-fixed and paraffin-embedded;
Antigen retrieval: citrate buffer ( 0.01M, pH 6.0 ), Boiling bathing for 15min; Block endogenous peroxidase by 3% Hydrogen peroxide for 30min; Blocking buffer (normal goat serum,C-0005) at 37℃ for 20 min;
Incubation: Anti-Cytokeratin 1 Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated(bs-1244R) 1:200, overnight at 4°C, followed by conjugation to the secondary antibody(SP-0023) and DAB(C-0010) staining
Blank control (blue line): Hela cells(blue).
Primary Antibody (green line): Rabbit Anti-Cytokeratin 1/FITC Conjugated antibody (bs-1244R-PE)
Dilution: 1μg /10^6 cells;
Isotype Control Antibody (orange line): Rabbit IgG-PE.
Protocol
The cells were fixed with 70% ice-cold methanol overnight at 4℃ . The cells were then incubated in 1 X PBS/2%BSA/10% goat serum to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody for 15 min at room temperature. Cells stained with Primary Antibody for 30 min at room temperature.Acquisition of 20,000 events was performed.
Blank control (blue line): Rabbit spleen cells (blue).
Primary Antibody (green line): Rabbit Anti-Cytokeratin 1/PE Conjugated antibody (bs-1244R-PE)
Dilution: 0.2μg /10^6 cells;
Isotype Control Antibody (orange line): Rabbit IgG-PE .
Protocol
The cells were fixed with 70% ice-cold methanol overnight at 4℃ . The cells were then incubated in 1 X PBS/2%BSA/10% goat serum to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody for 15 min at room temperature. Cells stained with Primary Antibody for 30 min at room temperature.Acquisition of 20,000 events was performed.
Blank control (blue line): MCF7 cells(blue).
Primary Antibody (green line): Rabbit Anti-Cytokeratin 1/FITC Conjugated antibody (bs-1244R-FITC)
Dilution: 1μg /10^6 cells;
Isotype Control Antibody (orange line): Rabbit IgG-FITC.
Protocol
The cells were fixed with 70% ice-cold methanol overnight at 4℃ . The cells were then incubated in 1 X PBS/2%BSA/10% goat serum to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody for 15 min at room temperature. Cells stained with Primary Antibody for 30 min at room temperature.Acquisition of 20,000 events was performed.
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